Not everyone is able to prevent Type 2 diabetes, but here is what studies show is effective if you have elevated blood glucose that is not yet high enough to diagnose as diabetes:
Losing weight. Diabetes Prevention Program has shown that losing even 7 percent of your body weight can result in a 58 percent reduction in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the next three years.
Making healthful food choices. Eating non starchy vegetables and fruits, whole grains, cooked dried beans, fish, lean meats, and low-fat dairy while avoiding excess calories is a healthful eating plan for avoiding diabetes-and a healthful way to ear for anyone.
Getting exercise. It takes only 30 minutes a day of moderate physical activity along with weight loss to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, visit diabetes.org/prevention.
Ref: Diabetes Forecast September 2012
A tuberculosis vaccine in use for 90 years may help reverse Type1 diabetes and eliminate the life-long need for insulin injections, say Harvard University researchers raising money to conduct large, human studies. Patients with Type 1 diabetes must inject insulin daily to control their blood sugar because their bodies don’t produce the hormone, the result of an errant immune system that destroys insulin-producing dells in the pancreas. The vaccine, called bacillus Calmette-Guerin, or BCG, stimulated production of a protein that killed the insulin-attacking cells, according to the findings of an early-stage study published recently in the journal PLOS One. The vaccine, a weakened form of the tuberculosis bacteria, stimulates production that plays a role in cell death. With more TNF, the body can attack those harmful immune cells whole leaving the rest of the body’s defenses intact. The vaccine is approved by the FDA for tuberculosis though it isn’t generally recommended for use in the U.S. The vaccine also is approved to fight bladder cancer.
The “D” Word
There’s a reason the American Diabetes Association, Diabetes Forecast, and most scientific journals avoid using the term “diabetic” as a noun: People with the disease are diverse individuals, not a singe entity. Some people identify themselves as “diabetics” and find that the term provides a useful narrative framework in which they manage the realities of living with the condition. But not everyone feels that way.
Many people with diabetes see the term as stigmatizing. They advocate that the language used to describe the condition be carefully distinguished. Another reason “diabetic” should be scrapped? Defining a group of individuals with a similar disease by their condition may prevent other, including family members and health care providers, from thinking about their experiences and needs as individuals.
ref: Diabetes Forecast 8/12