- Tune into vision changes. When blood sugar is high, it can cause fluids to leak into the lens of the eye, causing blurry vision. As blood sugar returns to normal, vision should sharpen. If blurry vision is a persistent problem, report it to your care team ASAP. And try this test: Check your blood sugar during an episode – if your reading is in a normal range, it could be a sign of retinopathy. NOTE: Blurriness my occur when you start treatment with insulin and other medications, typically due to your changing blood sugar levels.
- Keep tabs on your BP. People with diabetes often have high blood pressure too. And the combo can damage eye vessels. Aim for healthy blood pressure levels-130/80 or below-and ask your care team if you’re a candidate for medication.
- Get a dilated eye exam once a year. This allows your healthcare provider to look inside the eye for any signs of damage. When caught early, doctors can treat diabetic retinopathy and prevent blindness.
- Eat greens. People with diabetes are also prone to cataracts, a clouding of the lens. Green like spinach, kale, broccoli and collards are packed with the anitoxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, which have been study-proven to help fend off cataracts.
- Don sunglasses: Direct exposure to sunlight can lead to cataracts. so wear UVA/UVB-protective sunglasses whenever you’re in daylight, even if it’s cloudy.
References: Diabetes Healthmonitor Magazine Spring 2017 pg.26